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Electoral System: Nepal

English

Government Type:

Federal republic

Head of State: 

  • Chief of State: Ram Baran Yadav, President
  • Head of Government: Khil Raj REGMI, Prime Minister
  • Assembly: Nepal had a unicameral Constituent Assembly (Sambidhan Sabha) with 601 seats. 

Upper House total number of seats: 

601

Lower House total number of seats: 

Unicameral

Electoral Constituencies:

• Directly elected (240 seats): Single-member constituencies formed on the basis of population.
• Proportional representation (335 seats): One at-large constituency.
• Appointed (26 seats): No constituencies.

Population: 

27.47 million (2012)

Number of registered voters: 

12 million (12,200,000)

Related Party: 
Electoral System: 
Parallel (Segmented) (PR Lists and Majoritarian constituencies): • In the Constituent Assembly (Sambidhan Sabha): 240 members are elected by plurality vote in first-past-the-post single-member constituencies, 335 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system and 26 members are appointed by the Cabinet. • President: Indirectly elected by a vote in the Constituent Assembly. • Prime Minister: The Prime Minister is elected by a “political consensus” reached among the 7 major political parties, or a two-thirds majority vote in the Constituent Assembly. • Parliament: o Directly elected (240 seats): Elected in a single-member district plurality system for a term of 5 years. o Proportional representation (335 seats): Elected in a closed party list system for a term of 5 years. o Appointed (26 seats): Appointed by the cabinet (Council of Ministers), which itself is elected by a “political consensus” reached among the 7 major political parties, or a two-thirds majority vote in the Constituent Assembly. Appointed for a term of 5 years."
Election Threshold: 
no information
Election Deposit Requirement: 
no information
Election Management Body: 

Election Commission of Nepal (http://www.election.gov.np/EN/index.php) is a 5-member commission appointed by the Prime Minister on the recommendation of the Constitutional Council. The Constitutional Council is composed of the Prime Minister, the Chief Justice, the Speaker of the Constituent Assembly, and 3 ministers appointed by the Prime Minister. Commissioners are appointed for a term of 6 years.

Quota for women: 

• 33% of candidates for the first-past-the-post system and the proportional representation system combined must be women (Article 63 (5)). Each party must ensure that the number of women candidates is at least one third of the total number of candidates to be fielded by a political party in the proportional elections and in the first-past-the-post electoral system (Constituent Assembly Ordinance 2013).
• 1/3 of Party lists: Each party must ensure that the number of women candidates is at least one third of the total number of candidates to be fielded by a political party in the proportional elections and in the first-past-the-post electoral system (Constituent Assembly Ordinance 2013). .
• 40% for Local elections: The 1999 Local Self Government Act states that among the nominated candidates in elections to municipal councils, at least 40% of candidates must be women (Article 76). (source: http://www.quotaproject.org/uid/countryview.cfm?country=166)